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What is NSC?

National Savings Certificate (NSC) is a tax saving investment with the aim to encourage small or medium savings backed by Central Government. 

The NSC scheme is available at all Post Offices and promoted by the Indian Government. Since the scheme is backed by the Indian Government, the risk is considered to be very low.

The scheme is applicable only to Indian citizens and not applicable for Non-Resident Indian (NRI) and a HUF. Due to the income tax benefits, low minimum investments requirement and low risk, the national pension scheme is gaining popularity.

Check Out National Saving Schemes in India

NSC Interest Rate 2024

QuarterNSC Interest Rate
April 2023 – June 20237.70% p.a.
Jan 2023 – March 20237.00%
April 2021-December 20226.80%
April 2020 – March 20216.80%
July 2019 – March 20207.90%
April 2019 – June 20198%
Oct 2018 – March 20198%
April 2018 – Sept 20187.60%

The Ministry of Finance announces NSC interest rates every quarter. The current interest rate for the NSC scheme is 7.70% p.a. (June 2024). The Finance Ministry has kept the NSC interest rate unchanged from the last quarter. Following are the historic interest rates of the NSC scheme.
Prior to 2016, the NSC interest rate announcements were every year or as per requirement. However, since April 2016, the interest rates have been announced every quarter.
The interest is compounded annually but paid at the maturity of the certificate. With the compounding of interest, the returns are automatically re-invested. The interest earned on the principal amount is treated as a re-invested in NSC. Hence it is allowed as a deduction under section 80C up to INR 1,50,000 as per the Income Tax Act 1961. Since the Government of India backs the scheme, the interest rates are uniform across all post offices. 

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NSC Eligibility

The eligibility criteria for an investor is listed below:

  1. The individual must be an Indian citizen
  2. An individual must not be a non-resident Indian citizen
  3. No age limit for an individual to invest in NSC
  4. An investor can purchase NSC from an Indian Post Office for a maturity period of 5 years
  5. The minimum investments must be Rs 100 and no maximum limit on the investment amount.
  6. It is issued in denominations of Rs. 100, Rs. 500, Rs. 1000, Rs. 5000 and Rs. 10,000.   
  7. It is accepted by the majority of banks as collateral security against loans
  8. An investment can be made with another adult or on behalf of a minor
  9. HUFs and Trusts are not eligible to invest in the scheme under NSC VIII issue
  10. They are available for a maturity period of 5 years and 10 years

Documents Required for NSC Scheme

Below are the documents required to submit:

  1. NSC application form duly filled and signed
  2. A recent photograph
  3. An original identity proof such as Passport, Permanent Account Number (PAN), Voter ID, Driving license
  4. An original address proof such as Passport, utility bills, Bank statement, etc.

Transfer policy

NSC can be transferred from one post office to another. It can also be transferred to another individual. The certificate will be the same, the name of the old owner will be rounded and the name of the new owner will be mentioned.

Tax Implications

  • Principal Amount: The principal investment amount invested is allowed as a deduction under section 80C The deduction is limited up to Rs .15 lakh as per the Income Tax Act 1961
  • Interest Earned: The interest earned on the principal amount is treated as a re-invested in NSC. Hence it is allowed as a deduction under section 80C up to Rs 1.5 lakh as per the Income Tax Act 1961.
    The interest earned is first added to the total income of the investor and then allowed as a deduction. Hence, tax is also deducted on the interest earned.

How to Withdraw NSC Investments?

According to the withdrawal rules, the NSC investments cannot be withdrawn before the maturity period. The maturity period can 5 years or 10 years as the case may be. If the amount invested is withdrawn within a year, interest will not be paid. Plus, a penalty will be also be charged to the certificate holder.

However, premature withdrawal is allowed in the following cases:

  1. The certificate holder passes away
  2. On the forfeiture of the certificate, only if the pledgee is a Gazetted Government Officer.
  3. The entire amount invested can be withdrawn if ordered by the court of law

The withdrawal rules require the filing of the following documents. The documents must be submitted by the certificate holder to withdraw:

  1. The original NSC certificate
  2. The NSC encashment form
  3. Proof of identity
  4. The attestation of the guardian if it was purchased on behalf of a minor
  5. In case the NSC certificate holder passes away, the nominee can withdraw the entire amount invested by submitting the Annexure 1 (registered at a Post Office) and the Annexure 2 for legal evidence.

Benefits of National Saving Certificate (NSC) scheme

Below are the benefits of investing in an NSC scheme:

  1. It carries a tax benefit of the principal amount invested as well as the interest earned. Both are tax-free. the principal amount carries a tax deduction u/s 80C of The Income Tax Act 1961.
  2. Except the interest earned in the final year of the investment, the entire interest earned is tax-free.
  3. The transfer is allowed from one individual to another, only once during the lock-in period.
  4. An investor is allowed to invest even after the maturity period.
  5. A duplicate certificate can be obtained in case the original certificate is lost.
  6. The interest earned is compounded annually and reinvested towards the scheme. 

Who should invest in NSC scheme?

An investor looking for the below can consider investing:

  • a fixed income at regular interval like monthly, quarterly basis or yearly
  • a guaranteed interest rate
  • low risk
  • save tax

The scheme has the above benefits along with a few disadvantages like lower interest rates and no inflation adjustment. Unlike tax saving mutual funds and National Pension System, it does not provide inflation bearing returns.

However, it totally depends on the financial goals of the investor. The government has made all the attempts to make the scheme accessible to the investors. It is available at all the post offices with an easy to go process of registration.

Compare National Saving Certificate

National Saving Certificate is one of the tax saving schemes with tax deduction u/s 80C of The Income Tax Act 1961. There are other schemes available as well. These schemes are Public Provident Fund (PPF), tax saver fixed deposit, ELSS funds and National Pension Scheme.

The following table provides a comprehensive comparison of NSC vs other tax benefit schemes

Tax Saver InvestmentLock-in PeriodRisk Interest Rate
Public Provident Fund15 yearsLow 7.10% p.a.
ELSS Funds3 yearsMarket-Related Risk12.00% to 15.00% p.a.
Tax Saver Fixed Deposit5 yearsLow5.80% to 7.00% p.a
National Pension Scheme – NPSTill the age of 60 yearsMarket-Related Risk9.00% to 12.00% p.a.
NSC5 yearsLow7.70% p.a.

Invest in the fixed deposits that suit your needs.

Learn more about the NSC vs ELSS

You may also like to read about the NSC vs PPF


Now that we know all about the scheme, if you are looking for a fixed income, save tax with low risk, this is surely suitable. But there are other investment options as well that are tax saving options being inflation-adjusted as well. You can compare all the investment options and invest wisely.

You may also like to read about the KVP vs NSC

Learn Post Office Tax Saving Schemes under 80C

Frequently Asked Questions

Can I avail loans against NSC?

Yes, you can avail loans against NSC. NBFCs and Banks accept it as a collateral for a secured loan.  the postmaster should put a transfer stamp to the certificate and transfer it to the bank.

Can a HUF or a Trust invest in NSC?

An investment is not allowed to a HUF or a Trust in NSC under the rules of Issue VIII.

What is the maturity period of NSC Issue VIII?

The maturity period for NSC Issue VIII is 5 years and the NSC interest rate is 12.00% to 15.00% p.a..

What is the maturity period of NSC Issue IX?

The maturity period for NSC IX is 10 years and the NSC interest rate is 12.00% to 15.00% p.a..

Is the savings certificate interest rates different for NSC issue?

Yes, the savings certificate interest rates are different for the NSC issue. For NSC issue VIII is 12.00% to 15.00% p.a. and NSC IX interest rate is 12.00% to 15.00% p.a.

Can a nomination in NSC be canceled or changed?

The nomination can be cancelled or changed at any time by submitting the FORM-3 by paying a fee of Rs 5