Gold is a precious yellow metal globally, and its value has been increasing over the past decade. For ages, in many countries, including India, gold has been considered a status of wealth. Also, gold was a symbol of being rich and powerful. Even during the ancient times of kings and kingdoms, the king’s dominance depended on the amount of gold lying in the vault. However, even though these are times where currencies are the norm, gold affects the value of different currencies. In this article, we will discuss how gold affects currency value.
How Gold Affects Currency Value?
Gold and currencies have a correlation between them. The value of a country’s currency has a correlation with the gold reserves of that country. Also, the gold rate of that country affects the strength of its currency. However, this concept is not recent, where gold has impacted the currencies across the world for decades. Let us understand how gold affects current value across the world.
Gold and Its Impact on Indian Rupee
India is one of the major importers of gold from other countries. In simple words, when the country imports more gold, the value of the currency decreases. On the contrary, when the export of gold is higher, the value of that country’s currency is higher.
The gold prices fluctuate daily and depend on the international market. Therefore, if India is exporting more than importing, the value of the Indian rupee will increase when the gold prices increase. However, India is a major importer of gold. So when the gold rates increase across the globe, the value of the Indian rupee declines.
Gold with FIAT Currencies
FIAT currency means the national currency of a country. A fiat current is also affected by the value of gold. If there is an increase in gold price every time, it does not mean that there is a decline in the value of the fiat currency of that country. Gold prices are affected by many factors. Thus, when gold prices rise, it may directly impact higher demand by the industry that uses gold as the main product.
For instance, in India, gold is generally used as jewellery. Hence, the gold prices surge during weddings or festive seasons as the jewellery manufacturing industry creates a demand for this precious metal. Therefore, if the gold rate in Chennai is high, it does not mean that the value of the Indian rupee falls. It is due to the high demand in that country. Thus, all aspects relating to gold price need to be analysed before establishing a direct or inverse relationship with the country’s currency value.
Gold Prices and Inflation
As mentioned above, gold has an adverse impact on the value of fiat currency. But importing gold can directly affect the inflation of the country. If the central bank of a country imports gold, it influences the demand and supply of the currency in the country. This is because the central bank has to print additional fiat currency to purchase gold from other countries. As a result, a surplus supply of currency causes inflation in the country. For instance, if the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) imports gold, it will result in inflation in India.
Gold Prices and Hedging Inflation
Importing gold in a country can cause inflation. Similarly, when investors purchase gold, it helps hedge inflation in the country. Gold is a commodity traded and invested in the market, which can help manage inflation in a country. Thus, gold is more stable and retains its value than the currency.
Most investors prefer to buy gold when inflation is high because it is more consistent in its value and price. Investors with more gold have a chance of dealing with inflation and a feeble country’s currency. During inflation, the demand for gold is higher even though the supply remains the same. As a result, higher gold investment can lead to greater demand for gold which ultimately increases the gold prices in the country. Thus, this helps to flatten the weak trend of the country’s fiat currency across the world market.
To sum up, gold has a significant impact on the value of a country’s currency. The imports and exports of gold, along with inflation, affect the nation’s currency value. The gold price impacts the value of the US dollar and also impacts the value of other currencies, including India. Thus, gold is used for commodity trading and long-term investment purposes.
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