Form 26AS is a consolidated annual tax statement which shows the details of tax deducted at source, tax collected at source, advance tax paid by the assessee along with self-assessment tax. This information is specific to a Permanent Account Number (PAN).
The form also shows details of sale/purchase of immovable property, mutual funds, cash deposits or withdrawal from savings account etc. An assessee can claim the tax deducted reflecting in their form 26AS while filing their income tax return for a financial year.
Before you file your income tax return, the assessee must make sure that data related to tax deducted at source as reflected as per Income Tax Department is correct and accurate. This can be done by referring to Form 26AS. This form can be downloaded from the income tax website. Below are the contents of form 26AS:
Let’s break down the components of Form 26AS:
This part shows the tax deducted by tax deductor for your PAN. The tax deductor files their TDS return on a quarterly basis post which it will reflect in form 26AS. This part contains the following details:
This part contains details of income on which no TDS has been deducted as the taxpayer has submitted Form 15G or 15H. If you have not submitted Form 15G or Form 15H, this section will display ‘No transactions present’.
This part contains details of tax deducted on immovable property, if any, sold by the assessee during the financial year. If there is a sale of an immovable property during the previous year and the buyer has deducted tax on the proceeds of sale, the tax deducted will be reflected in this section.
This part contains details of tax collected at source (TCS) by a seller of specified goods at the time these goods have been purchased by the assessee. It also reflects the details of the seller as below:
This part shows the details of tax paid by the assessee such as advance tax, self-assessment tax and the challan details through which the payment has been made.
This part reflects the details of tax refunded by the department to the assessee. It shows the below details:
This part shows the details of any high value transactions which ‘specified persons’ like a banking company, mutual funds etc. are required to report. The SFT was earlier known as Annual Information Return (AIR).
This part will show details of any TDS deducted by you while buying a property. Also, it displays TDS deposited by you to the bank.
Defaults relating to the processing of statements are mentioned here. They do not include demands raised by assessing officers.
Following are the steps that an assessee can follow to download their form 26AS:
The scope of the new Form 26AS has been widened via Finance Act 2020. In the new Form 26AS so as to cover information received under double taxation avoidance agreement (DTAA), penalty proceedings etc.
The new Form 26AS is divided into 2 parts:
Part A – It contains basic information such as the name of the assessee, PAN, address details, Aadhar number, etc.
Part B – It contains the information with respect to the following transactions:
The new Form 26AS offers a more detailed view of the financial information of the assessee. A taxpayer should ensure that he files the Income-tax Return in sync with Form 26AS. Any sort of discrepancy between the Form 26AS and actual filing details should be avoided.
Taxation on mutual funds is a complex topic. Taxes paid on your mutual fund investments vastly depend on factors such as what kind of funds you have invested in, the duration of your investment, which income tax slab you belong to and so on.