Skip to main content
Scripbox Logo

Post Office Fixed Deposit (FD) Calculator

Calculate Post Office FD Interest Returns using this calculator. Built for Post Office Savings Schemes offered in India. Put your bank FD to test on our FD calculator!

Deposit Amount should be minimum ₹10,000
Year

TOTAL INVESTMENT

WEALTH GAINED

TOTAL CORPUS CREATED

Table of contents

 

Mutual funds better than FD

Investing in ELSS funds recommended by Scripbox would get you returns of 12% p.a.

Post Office FD Calculator

Here are the shortlist funds by Scripbox

Funds Yield to Maturity
Tata Liquid Fund 7.37%
Kotak Savings Fund 7.37%
ICICI Prudential Savings Fund 8.06%

 

Post Office Fixed Deposit

Post Office Fixed Deposit (POFD) or Post Office Time Deposit (POTD) is the oldest and preferred form of investment offered by the Indian Postal Services. They are considered as safe as the Government of India backs them. Hence it was a famous investment avenue for the previous generations.

Post Office Fixed Deposit (POFD) is similar to a bank deposit where the money is deposited for a fixed tenure and interest rate. The higher the investment tenure, the higher is the interest rate offered. The investor can earn a guaranteed return on the money deposited. Post office FD has four tenures available – 1, 2, 3, and 5 years. Each has its interest rate. The interest is payable annually but calculated quarterly. The interest paid by the post office is subject to TDS. A 5-year post office FD qualifies for tax saving under section 80C of the Income Tax Act.

The investor has to invest a minimum of INR 200 and after that in multiples of INR 200. Only one fixed deposit is allowed per account. However, multiple accounts can be opened in post offices. One can also open a post office FD in all public and private sector banks. A post office FD is transferable from one post office to the other. A post office FD cannot be withdrawn in the first six months of deposit. After that, premature withdrawal is available at a penalty of 1%. Upon maturity, the post office FD can be renewed for the same tenure or can be withdrawn. Post Office FD best suits highly conservative investors who want to invest a lumpsum amount. The interest rates offered by post office FDs are sometimes higher than Bank FDs. An investor can take a loan against FD by pleading the post office FD

Post Office FD Interest Rate

The government sets the rates of POFD at the start of each quarter. For January 2020-March 2020 quarter, the following rates have been decided.

Tenure Interest Rate
1 Year 6.9%
2 Year 6.9%
3 Year 6.9%
4 Year 7.7%

 

Once invested, the interest remains constant for the entire duration of the deposit. The interest rate offered by POFD is sometimes higher than bank FDs. The interest is payable annually but calculated quarterly and is paid either through cash or cheque. The interest is subject to TDS. If no TDS is deducted, then the same has to be shown while filing income tax returns. For senior citizens, there is no additional interest; however, the interest received up to INR 50,000 is tax-exempt under Section 80TTB.

The interest earned annually on post office FD can be directed to post office savings account and earns a 4% interest per annum. The investor can also direct the monthly interest payments to a 5-year Post Office Recurring Deposit. In both cases, the savings account has to be in the same post office. Upon premature withdrawal after six months but below one year, the interest applicable to a savings account will be earned by the investor. But after that, the investor.

Features and Benefits of Post Office FD

Tenure and Requirement: Post office fixed deposits have tenures ranging from 1 year to 5 years. Any individual can open a fixed deposit at the post office. The account can be opened by either cash/ cheque. In the case of the cheque, the date of realization of the cheque will be considered as the date of opening of the account. NRIs are not permitted to open POFDs. POFD accounts can be opened in the name of a minor and can be operated by a parent or legal guardian. Minors aged ten years or more can open and manage the account. A minor after attaining adulthood has to apply for the conversion of the account in his name.

Nominee: Nominees can be added either while opening the account or later. Furthermore, the person you nominate can also nominate a person even with an existing POFD account.

Minimum Investment Amount: Post Office FD accepts only one deposit per one account. The minimum amount for a POFD is INR 200, and there is no upper limit on the maximum investment. The investment amount has to be in multiples of INR 200 only. An investor can make multiple accounts in any post office. Two individuals can open a joint account, and a single account can be converted to a joint account and vice-versa.

Interest Rate: The interest rate for a five-year deposit is notified before April 1 every year. It is usually aligned with G-sec rates of similar maturity with a spread of 0.25%. Interest is payable annually but calculated quarterly. The government of India offers this scheme; hence it does not require any commercial rating. POFDs have attractive interest rates that are sometimes higher than Bank FD rates.

Integration with the savings account: According to the investor's instructions, the interest earned from the account can be redirected to the post office savings account. This would earn the same rate of return.

However, this requires the savings account to be at the same post office. This integration facility is available at the Head of Departmental sub-offices only.

Integration with Post Office Recurring Deposits: As per the investor's instructions, the interest earned can also be redirected to a %-year post office recurring deposit. For this too, both the accounts are required to be at the same post office. This is available at the Head of Departmental sub-offices only.

Taxation: For fixed deposits with tenure less than five years, there is no tax benefit. However, a 5-year POFD is eligible for tax exemption under Section 80C. The interest earned is added to the annual income and is taxed as per the applicable tax rate. The interest paid by the post office is subject to TDS. If no TDS is deducted, the same needs to be offered in the return of income.

Maturity: Upon maturity, an investor can renew their investments. This can be done by filling out a form or can opt for auto-renewal if the post office is equipped with a CBS system.

Premature Withdrawal: Early withdrawals before six months are not allowed. For withdrawals between six months to one year, the investor will only earn the interest as applicable to the savings account. For all withdrawals beyond one year, an exit penalty of 1% is charged.

Post Office FD Investment Rules

Post Office FD is available for 1,2,3, and 5 years tenure only. POFD dates are declared every quarter.

The current post office FD interest rates for January to March 2020 are:

1 Year FD – 6.9%

2 Year FD – 6.9%

3 Year FD – 6.9%

5 Year FD – 7.7%

Post Office Fixed Deposit can be opened offline by cash or cheque.

For deposits made through cheques, the date of realization of the cheque will be the opening date of the FD. The interest will be calculated from this date only.

Transfer from one post office to the other can be done easily.

Interest is compounded quarterly, but payouts are annual.

Post Office Fixed Deposits are guaranteed by the Government of India and hence are a safe investment option.

Post office interest rates for senior citizens are the same. There are no special interest rates for them. For Senior citizens, POFD does not offer any additional or special interest rates as they have Senior Citizen Saving Scheme.

Minors can open accounts under valid guardianship. Minors, attaining 18 years of age, should get the account converted in their name.

The minimum investment is INR 200 and no maximum investment limit.

No restriction on the number of FD accounts an investor can open. Each FD is treated as a different account.

Nominee to post office FD savings account can be added even after opening the account.

Upon maturity, the post office FD can be renewed with the same tenure. The applicable interest rate would be the rate available on the day of maturity.

Premature withdrawals are allowed only after completion of 6 months of the FD tenure. These attract a penalty of 1%.

After the post office FD matures, and the depositor doesn't withdraw the amount, they are not entitled to extra interest post the tenure of the fixed deposit.

Tax on Post Office FD Scheme

Saving through post office 5 year FD's have tax benefits. Investors can claim tax deductions up to INR 1,50,000 under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act by investing in 5- year POFD's. With the current inflation rate averaging around 4.09%, POFD's is one of the better options for parking savings. POFD's fall under the ETE (Exempted-Tax-Exempted) category. The investment and lump sum withdrawal fall under the exempt category, but the interest earned is taxable at the income tax slab rate.

A TDS at 10% is deducted (if PAN details are provided and if not 20% will be deducted) on interest earned above INR 40,000. For senior citizens, the TDS threshold is INR 50,000. In case the investor is eligible to avoid TDS, they can fill Form 15G/H. If no TDS is deducted, the same needs to be offered in the return of income.

There is no tax benefit for post office fixed deposits below five years' tenure.

The interest for a post office fixed deposit is paid annually but is compounded quarterly. The interest earned is fully taxable. It is added to the annual income of the investor and is taxed at the applicable tax rate.

How is Post Office FD Maturity Amount Calculated?

Post Office Fixed Deposit (POFD) maturity value can be calculated using the following formula.

Maturity value = Principal * (1+Interest rate/4) (n*4)

N is the number of years

The interest rate should be the annual rate.

The above formula is for interest compounded quarterly.

Example: Akhil invested INR 2,50,000 in a POFD at 7% for three years.

 

Using the above formula, the maturity value for Akhil on his investment is calculated below.

Maturity Value = 250000*(1+0.07/4) (3*4)

Maturity Value = INR 3,07,860

The interest in post office FD is calculated quarterly but paid annually. At the time of redemption, this amount will be given to Akhil through a cheque.

The same can be calculated using Scripbox's Post Office FD calculator. Using this calculator, the investor can save time he/she uses for calculating the return. The calculator has an option to enter the amount of the FD. The investor can select the compounding period, which is monthly, quarterly, half-yearly, and annually. There are two sliders available for interest rate and tenure, which the investor can use to set the interest and time period of his/her choice. Once all these are entered, the post office interest calculator returns the initial investment, wealth gained, and maturity value in both numeric and graphical formats. The post office fixed deposit calculator can do the calculations within seconds, saving time for the investor to do things that are more important. Below is an image of Scripbox's post office FD interest rates calculator.

Better than FD

Short Term Money
Better than FD
  • 1-5 years
    Recommended
  • 6-8%
    Growth Rate
  • No lock-in
short-term
point

Lower tax if you withdraw after 3 years

point

Scripbox pre-selects the 3 best debt mutual funds for you from over 5900 debt mutual fund schemes.

Frequently Asked Questions