- FD Interest Rate
- What is a Fixed Deposit?
- Types of Fixed Deposit In India
- Applicable Senior Citizen FD Interest Rate in India
- Things to Know About Fixed Deposits
- Retail Bank FD
- Small Finance Banks FD
- How to Choose the Best Fixed Deposit?
- Why does the FD interest rate keep changing?
- How to open an FD account?
- How to estimate the maturity value of a fixed deposit?
- Can I withdraw the principal amount before the lock-in period expires?
- Can I take loans against fixed deposits?
- How can I renew my bank FD?
- What is a tax saver Fixed Deposit?
FD Interest Rate
The FD interest rates are relatively risk-free and a guaranteed return. A Fixed Deposit not only saves your money but also helps you earn FD interest.
Money invested under the Fixed Deposit Scheme is paid as a one-time payment (at the time of opening the account) for a fixed tenure. Furthermore, the FD interest rate under these schemes depends on the bank, the amount, tenure, and the depositor.
On its maturity, the interest accrued is calculated with the principal amount and the total amount is paid to the depositor.
What is a Fixed Deposit?
Fixed Deposits are relatively risk-free investment with a guaranteed return. These are a kind of financial instrument that Banks and Non-Banking Financial Companies offers. These Companies assure investors a higher interest rate other than the regular savings account over a fixed period of time.
Fixed Deposit is also known as Term Deposit. As the name term deposit suggests, the amount once invested cannot be withdrawn before the maturity date. Depending on the Bank’s policy, some banks may also provide additional services to the FD Holders. These services can be like loan against the Fixed Deposit, higher interest rate, withdrawal before the maturity date on certain circumstances.
The tenure of a Fixed Deposit can range from a minimum of 7 days and can also go as high as 10 years. The longer the tenure the higher the interest. Money invested in a Fixed Deposit Scheme yields more returns compared to Recurring or Demand Deposit.
The interest rate under the Fixed Deposit Scheme varies from 4 percent to 7.50 percent depending on the Bank policy. The FD interest rates are higher for senior citizens ranging from 0.25% to 0.65% higher than the existing rate. However, on certain economic conditions banks may offer lesser interest rates as may be stipulated.
Types of Fixed Deposit In India
There are various types of FD schemes that vary from tenure, interest rates, age of the depositor.
Let us now discuss the various types of Fixed Deposit available in India:
Normal Fixed Deposit
These are the traditional Fixed Deposit Scheme offered by Banks. These Schemes do not require you to open a separate account. Here, the tenure under these Schemes ranges from 7 days to 10 years. Interest rates accumulated under these Schemes may vary from 4% to 7.50% which is higher than a normal savings account.
Tax Saving FD
These Fixed Deposit Schemes offer tax exemption on the principal amount of up to Rs. 1.5 lakhs in a year. There is a fixed lock-in period of 5 years within which period you are not allowed to withdraw the amount. A lump sum amount can be deposited at the time of the opening of the account.
Flexible Fixed Deposit
The banks in India offer a special kind of deposits. As the name suggests, this deposit is flexible in nature. It is a combination of both a demand deposit and a fixed deposit. Here the depositor enjoys the benefits of liquidity and high returns of fixed deposit at the same time.
Senior Citizen FD
These Schemes are applicable for individuals above 60 years only. Senior citizens are offered a higher FD rate of interest which may range from 0.25% to 0.65% higher than the existing rate. The tenure under these schemes is flexible.
Cumulative Fixed Deposit
There is no fixed interest rate under these Schemes. This Deposit helps grow corpus substantially as the interest rates compounding takes place quarterly or yearly and paid at the time of maturity.
Non- cumulative Fixed Deposit
These Schemes are best suited for the retired individual or pensioners. Under these schemes, interest rates are paid out either monthly, quarterly, half-yearly or annually, as per the choice of the depositor. It is a good source of income post-retirement.
Applicable Senior Citizen FD Interest Rate in India
This is the most preferred investment among Senior Citizens due to its future safety and security. Senior Citizens invest in Fixed Deposits as the principal amount is safe (up to 5 lakhs) and return is higher than in any other saving scheme. These Schemes offer assured returns in the form of interest on income. Owing to tenure flexibility, these are one of the most opted investments among senior citizens.
Senior Citizens are offered higher interest rates than the existing rate. The FD rate offered may range from 0.25% to 0.65% higher than the existing rate. This varies from bank to bank.
Any individual who has attained the age of 60 years or above can invest in a Senior Citizen Fixed Deposit. The tenure in these schemes ranges from a minimum of 7days to a maximum of 10 years in India. Senior citizens can also avail loans against the Fixed Deposit and can withdraw the money anytime before maturity by paying a nominal penalty.
Things to Know About Fixed Deposits
Fixed Deposits have been popular as they provide safety and security on the principal amount invested if a good bank is chosen. They help you in managing your financial goals and provide future security. Investments made in Fixed Deposits now can involve securing your child’s future, his/her education, marriage or future unexpected emergencies.
However, it is very important to keep the following points in mind before investing in a Fixed Deposit:
Fixed Deposits are the most secured investment which includes guaranteed return. However, credit agencies do not rate the Fixed Deposits offering by corporates and other Non- Banking agencies. Before making an investment with these agencies check their ratings and invest wisely.
The tenure under these schemes ranges from 7 days minimum to a maximum of 10 years. To conclude it is very important to choose a tenure best suited to you. This is because a premature withdrawal attracts huge penalties which would further reduce the total interest amount earned.
The deposit amount varies from company to company. Every company has a minimum amount and a maximum limit. It is advisable to check with the company before making an investment in Fixed Deposit.
Fixed Deposit Interest Rate:
Different companies offer different interest rates on FD and the same depends entirely on their discretion. Corporates offer Fixed Deposit schemes that pay interests on both cumulative and non-cumulative basis, depending on what you choose.
Advantages for Senior Citizen:
Fixed Deposits are considered a good investment option as they give high returns along with an alternative income during the retirement days.
Fixed Deposits also gives tax exemption under section 80C of the Income Tax Act. An investor can claim a maximum of Rs. 1.5 lakh by investing in tax-saving Fixed Deposit only
Hence, Fixed Deposits are considered the safest investment which helps in achieving both financial goals of future security. They also provide regular future income and help in building a corpus without any risk.
Retail Bank FD
The retail banks like HDFC Bank, Axis Bank, Bank of Baroda, Canara Bank, Indusind Bank and others provide fixed deposit offering.
The table below shows the FD interest rate rates currently offered by top banks
|Senior Citizen FD|
|Senior Citizen FD|
|ICICI Bank||6.00%- 6.40%||6.50%- 6.90%||6.40%||6.90%|
|SBI Bank||5.50%- 6.20%||6.00%- 6.70%||6.20%||6.70%|
|HDFC Bank||6.00%- 6.40%||6.50%- 6.90%||6.40%||6.90%|
|Axis Bank||6.00%- 6.40%||6.50%- 6.90%||6.40%||6.90%|
|Kotak Bank||6.00%- 6.40%||6.50%- 6.90%||6.40%||6.90%|
|Bank Of Baroda||5.50%- 6.20%||6.00%- 6.70%||6.20%||6.70%|
|Bank of India||5.50%- 6.20%||6.00%- 6.70%||6.20%||6.70%|
|Canara Bank||5.50%- 6.20%||6.00%- 6.70%||6.20%||6.70%|
|Indusind Bank||6.25%- 7.25%||6.75%- 7.75%||7.25%||7.75%|
Small Finance Banks FD
The table below shows the FD interest rate rates currently offered by top banks
|Bank||Regular Investor(1 year)||Senior Citizen FD(1 year)||Regular Investor(3 year)||Senior Citizen FD(3 year)||Regular Investor(5 year)||Senior Citizen FD(5 year)|
|AU Small Finance Bank||5.00%- 6.25%||5.50- 6.75%||6.25%- 7.25%||6.75%- 7.75%||7.25%||7.75%|
|Ujjivan Small Finance Bank||5.00%- 6.25%||5.50- 6.75%||6.25%- 7.25%||6.75%- 7.75%||7.25%||7.75%|
|Fincare Small Finance Bank||5.00%- 6.25%||5.50- 6.75%||6.25%- 7.25%||6.75%- 7.75%||7.25%||7.75%|
|Equitas Small Finance Bank||5.00%- 6.25%||5.50- 6.75%||6.25%- 7.25%||6.75%- 7.75%||7.25%||7.75%|
|Jana Small Finance Bank||5.00%- 6.25%||5.50- 6.75%||6.25%- 7.25%||6.75%- 7.75%||7.25%||7.75%|
|ESAF Small Finance Bank||5.00%- 6.25%||5.50- 6.75%||6.25%- 7.25%||6.75%- 7.75%||7.25%||7.75%|
How to Choose the Best Fixed Deposit?
Fixed Deposits have been very popular among investors as it offers guaranteed returns and future financial security. But, before investing in a Fixed Deposit scheme you should keep in mind the following points:
Choose an institution that offers a reasonable rate of interest. Interest rates on FD vary from company to company.
Make a choice on cumulative and non-cumulative Fixed Deposits depending on periodic returns or build corpus on maturity. Both these options are available so that you can choose as per your need and time.
Therefore, it is always advisable to check the credibility of the company you are investing with. The credit agencies rate some of the non-banking companies. Do check the credit rating that the fixed deposit has. Before you select a Fixed Deposit, always look for MAAA and AAA ratings.
The procedure of application for a Fixed deposit varies from company to company. Some companies offer online registration while some need forms to be filled and submitted in-person.
Choose a company where you do not need to submit a lot of documents and go through a lot of procedures and form filling. The easy and hassle-free procedure saves a lot of time and effort.
In conclusion, a wise decision keeping the above-discussed points in mind will help you make the most of your investments.
Why does the FD interest rate keep changing?
The Fixed Deposit interest rate is a factor of state of the economy and consequent monetary policy adopted by RBI. The factors leading to either increase or decrease in fixed deposit rates are the following:
Fixed Deposit rates are linked to the rates of inflation as investors expect a positive real rate of return
- While adequate liquidity scenario would not force borrowers for aggressive borrowing rate, the case is opposite during tight liquidity position
- Demand and supply conditions for credit causes changes in fixed deposit rates
- The anticipation of changes in monetary policy or cut in lending rates
- Falling call rates, borrowers own fund costs, credit demand, etc denote to variance in fixed deposit rates.
How to open an FD account?
You can either open an FD account online or by visiting the branch office. Most of the banks offer both facilities and you can choose any method to open an account. All you have to do is fill in the required form with the required details and submit the documents required. If your KYC is already completed with the bank, you can open an FD account using internet banking of savings or current account. Hence, you don’t need to submit documents required for every deposit
For creating online Fixed Deposit account, the following steps have to be followed-
- Firstly, make sure you already have an account with the preferred bank
- Secondly, Login to your saving or current account
- Thirdly, click on the menu. Here you will find the deposit/transaction option.
- Fourthly, select the Fixed Deposit option and click on create a new fixed deposit account.
- Lastly, Fill in all the details like principal amount, tenure, nominee, etc.
- The amount thereafter will be automatically debited from your savings account to the new fixed deposit account.
- Finally, you will then receive a downloadable online receipt
For opening an in-person account the following steps have to be followed:
- Visit the branch preferred by you and fill in the Fixed Deposit application form. The form may be obtained online and filled up or can be taken from the branch itself.
- Now if you don’t have an existing account, furnish KYC documents required like pan card, address proof identity proof, etc.
- The documents required for KYC have to be submitted with the signed application form.
- Then you can deposit in your Fixed Deposit account can be through cheque, online transfer, or debit cards. Do check on if your bank accepts debit cards before making the payment.
How to estimate the maturity value of a fixed deposit?
Maturity value is the total amount payable to an investor at the end of the maturity period. It is the sum total of your principal amount invested together with the pre-decided return so earned over the period of the tenure.
You can easily calculate the maturity value using the Scripbox’s Fixed Deposit Calculator. The Scripbox Fixed Deposit calculator can be used online by following the simple steps –
- Visit the Scripbox website.
- Now fill in the required information like fixed deposit amount, compounding period ie., monthly, quarterly, half-yearly, or annually.
- Choose the tenure in years and the rate of interest.
- On the basis of the details, the calculator calculates total investment, wealth gained, and the maturity value thereof.
Can I withdraw the principal amount before the lock-in period expires?
Yes. Only Fixed Deposits with premature withdrawal facility allows the depositors to withdraw the Fixed Deposit before maturity. However, an individual needs to pay a certain amount as a penalty to the bank. The penalty ranges from 0.5% to 1% depending on the discretion of the bank.
If the Fixed Deposit is withdrawn before completing the minimum tenure the bank shall not be liable to pay any interest.
Can I take loans against fixed deposits?
Yes. An investor can avail loans against fixed deposits. You can pledge your Fixed Deposit in return for a loan. The amount of loan to be sanctioned shall depend on the deposit amount. The loan can go up to 90%-95% of the deposit amount. Here, you do not have to give security of anything else rather than the Fixed Deposit itself and get a loan in return.
However, the loan is not available against Fixed Deposits in the name of a minor. Also, depositors of a 5-year tax-saving Fixed Deposit cannot apply for a loan.
How can I renew my bank FD?
Upon maturity, the depositor has two options either to withdraw or to renew. The renewal clause is available as an auto-renewal feature. Here the bank automatically renews your Fixed Deposit. The renewal is for the initial tenure and on the same rate of interest
What is a tax saver Fixed Deposit?
This is a kind of Fixed Deposit wherein you can get tax exemption under section 80 C. A maximum of Rs. 1.5 lakh deduction can be claimed by an investor by investing in tax saver Fixed Deposit.