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Medium Duration Fund

Medium Term funds are open-ended debt mutual funds that invest in securities with maturity around 3-4 years. These funds are subject to credit risk, interest rate risk and liquidity risk. It is suitable for investors with low to medium understanding of risk

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List of Medium Term Mutual Funds in 2022

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Fund name
AUM
1Y CAGR
3Y CAGR
Till Date CAGR
union-logo
Union Medium Duration Fund (G)

185.217 Cr

0.2%

-

2.7%

Invesco_Fav_icon-logo
Invesco India Medium Duration Fund (G)

311.545 Cr

0.4%

-

1.5%

Aditya_Birla_Fav_icon-logo
Aditya Birla Sun Life Nifty SDL Plus PSU Bond Sep 26 60 40 fund (G)

7162.291 Cr

0.8%

-

0.8%

indiabulls-logo
Indiabulls Income Fund (G)

16.451 Cr

6.9%

7.3%

7.5%

franklin-templeton-logo
Franklin India Income Opportunities Fund Segregated Portfolio 2 (G)

39.749 Cr

-

-

-0.4%

sbi-logo
SBI CPSE Bond Plus SDL Sep 2026 50 50 Index Fund (G)

7449.287 Cr

-

-

0.1%

axis-logo
Axis CRISIL IBX 70 30 CPSE Plus SDL April 2025 Index Fund (G)

603.914 Cr

-

-

0.1%

tata-logo
Tata Nifty SDL Plus AAA PSU Bond Dec 2027 60 40 Index Fd fund (G)

373.738 Cr

-

-

0.3%

sundaram-logo
Sundaram Medium Term Bond fund (G)

45.155 Cr

-0.7%

3%

7.4%

edelweiss-logo
Edelweiss NIFTY PSU Bond Plus SDL Apr 2026 50 50 Index Fund 2026 (G)

7091.214 Cr

0.9%

-

4.1%

edelweiss-logo
Edelweiss CRISIL PSU Plus SDL 50 50 Oct 2025 Index Fund (G)

758.9 Cr

-

-

-0.3%

sundaram-logo
Sundaram Medium Term Bond Institutional fund (G)

45.155 Cr

-0.8%

3%

6.3%

franklin-templeton-logo
Franklin India Income Opportunities Fund (G)

0.049 Cr

15.6%

4.8%

-

franklin-templeton-logo
Franklin India Income Opportunities Fund Segregated Portfolio 1 (G)

-

-

-

-

icici-prudential-logo
ICICI Prudential Nifty PSU Bond Plus SDL Sep 27 40 60 fund (G)

5814.833 Cr

0.4%

-

0.4%

Aditya_Birla_Fav_icon-logo
Aditya Birla Sun Life CRISIL IBX SDL 60 40 Plus AAA PSU Apr 25 Idx fund (G)

134.479 Cr

-

-

-0.5%

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Medium duration funds are open ended debt mutual funds that are mandated to invest in securities with maturity around 3-4 years. These funds are subject to interest rate risk. The fund manager of these funds is free to invest across securities with different credit qualities.  Hence, they have significant default risk as well.

Recommended: To check best mutual funds to invest

Top 5 Popular Mutual Funds for Medium Duration Investment

Fund NameTill Date CAGRExpense Ratio
SBI Magnum Medium Duration Fund (G)7.8%1.21%
ICICI Prudential Medium Term Bond Fund (G)7.4%1.38%
HDFC Medium Term Debt Fund (G)7.7%1.30%
Kotak Medium Term fund (G)7.4%1.57%
Axis Strategic Bond Fund (G)8.1%1.08%

What are Medium Term Funds?

Medium Term funds are open-ended debt mutual funds that invest in securities such that the portfolio’s Macaulay duration is around 3-4 years. In other words, it means that medium duration funds have securities with maturities of 3-4 years.
The returns from these funds are more or less predictable. However, the returns aren’t guaranteed. They are subject to credit risk, interest rate risk and liquidity risk.
These funds have a longer duration than short term funds and hence are subject to interest rate risk. During the rising interest rate cycle, bond prices fall. Since these have a longer maturity than short duration funds, they are the most affected. Also, fund managers might invest in low rated securities with a hope that their credit rating might improve in the long run. Hence these funds are exposed to default risk as well.
Medium duration debt funds best suit investors with low to medium risk tolerance and an investment horizon of 3-4 years. Investors who want to invest in medium to long term fixed deposits can also look at investing in these. However, one has to consider the risks involved in investing in them.
Medium duration funds are taxed similar to debt funds. The short term capital gains (below three years) are taxable at the individual’s income tax slab rate. The long term capital gains are taxable at 20% with indexation benefit. Investors falling under the highest income tax can benefit from these by staying invested in these for a minimum of 3 years.

Features

  • Returns: The returns from medium duration debt funds are foreseeable. One can expect a certain return from these investments as they invest in interest bearing securities. However, the returns are not guaranteed. The returns are subject to credit risk if the portfolio manager has invested in low credit quality securities.
  • Risk: Though debt mutual funds are considered as low risk investments when compared to equity funds, they aren’t completely risk free. Medium duration funds have high maturities, and their underlying securities can default payments. Hence, they are exposed to high interest rate risk, credit risk and liquidity risk.
  • Volatility: Medium duration funds are highly volatile in changing interest rate scenarios. While a falling interest rate regime boosts returns of these funds, rising interest rates have an opposite effect. The returns of these funds fall when interest rates rise. Longer the duration of securities in a fund, higher will be the fund‘s volatility.
  • Investment horizon: The ideal investment horizon for medium duration funds is 3-4 years. This is because they have securities such that the Macaulay duration of the portfolio is around 3-4 years.
  • Portfolio: A portfolio manager of a medium term fund can invest in debt securities such that the portfolio’s maturity is around 3-4 years. The portfolio manager is free to invest across short duration (including money market instruments) and long term debt securities with high to low credit quality.
  • Taxation: Medium duration funds are taxed like debt funds. Short term capital gains are taxable at the investor’s income tax slab. Long term capital gains are taxable at 20% with indexation benefit. Investors who fall under the highest tax bracket can benefit from investing in such funds.

Things to Remember Before Investing in Medium Term Duration Funds

Medium duration funds invest across money market and debt instruments. The Macaulay duration of these funds varies between three to four years.

  • Financial Objective: While investing, it is advisable to invest towards an investment objective or a financial objective. The investment duration, investment objective and investor’s risk tolerance levels play a major role in fund selection. Therefore, it is vital to invest in funds that perfectly align with the investor’s financial objective.
  • Investment Duration: The investment duration is an important factor that one has to keep in mind while investing. Every investment has a different suitable horizon. For example, investments in stocks or equities require long term investment duration. At the same time, debt category instruments wouldn’t require a very long investment horizon. Medium term funds have a Macaulay duration between three to four years. Therefore, investors with a minimum investment horizon of three to four years can consider medium duration funds. However, it is important to note the risks associated with these funds.
  • Risk: Medium duration funds invest in debt instruments with maturities between three to four years. Though these funds are less volatile when compared to pure equity investments. Medium duration funds also have certain risks associated with them. These funds are subject to interest rate risk, credit risk and liquidity risk. Due to the long maturity of the securities, these funds are affected by the changing interest rate cycle. Also, the fund manager might invest in low rated securities with an expectation that the ratings would get upgraded. Therefore, exposing the investment to default risk.
  • Credit Ratings: Investors must look at the credit ratings of the securities that the medium term bond fund invests in. This helps in understanding the level of default risk. If the medium term fund invests in too many low rated securities, then the fund has high credit risk. Therefore, it is important to invest in a fund that has a minimum or less exposure to securities with low ratings.
  • Cost: Returns from debt mutual funds are lower in comparison to equity mutual funds. Therefore, it is important to invest in funds with lower costs in order to earn significant returns. Each fund house charges certain fees for their fund management expertise. The cost is known as the expense ratio. It is good to invest in funds with a lower expense ratio. Also, funds have an exit load. Exit load is the penalty charged by the fund house to prevent premature withdrawals. Hence, while investing, it is essential to look at all the costs and pick funds with low expense ratio and exit load.

Tax on Medium Duration Funds

Medium term debt funds are a type of debt mutual funds. Hence the taxation of these funds is similar to that of debt mutual funds. The gains from medium term debt funds are taxable on the basis of the investment holding period. For redemptions within three years of investment, the gains attract Short Term Capital Gains Tax (STCG). The gains are taxable at an individual’s income tax slab rate.
On the other hand, for redemptions after three years since the date of investment, the gains attract Long Term Capital Gains Tax (LTCG). The gains are taxable at 20% with indexation benefit or at 10% without any indexation benefit.
Moreover, an investor in the highest tax bracket can benefit from these investments by investing in them for a minimum of three years.

Who should invest in Mid Term Duration Funds?

A medium term plan is suitable for investors with low to medium understanding of risk. Also, investors with a medium duration horizon of 3-4 years can consider these funds as an option. The returns from these funds are not affected by equity market movements and are somewhat predictable. However, the returns are not guaranteed.
Moreover, these funds come with a risk attached to them. The medium term bond fund has high interest rate risk and default risk. Since these funds have a duration of 3-4 years, they are subject to interest rate risk. Also, the portfolio manager of the fund is free to invest in securities with different credit ratings. Hence, there can be a default risk in these funds.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Medium Duration Funds

  • Tax benefits: Medium term bond funds are comparatively more tax efficient than fixed deposits. However, the tenure of investment has to be three years or more. Also, investments in medium duration funds qualify for indexation benefit when the investment horizon is more than three years.
  • No guaranteed income: Unlike fixed deposits, medium durations funds do not guarantee returns. Though the returns are predictable to some extent, a medium term plan does not guarantee returns. Investments in medium duration funds are subject to risks such as default risk, liquidity risk and interest rate risk.
  • Risks: Investments in medium duration funds are not completely risk free. These investments are subject to certain risks such as interest rate risk, credit risk and liquidity risk. The change in interest rates has a negative impact on the prices of bonds. Since the duration of these funds varies between three to four years, the funds are exposed to interest rate risk.

The fund manager invests in certain securities with low ratings with an expectation that the rating would upgrade. This exposes the fund to default risk.

Additionally, during redemption pressure, sometimes it becomes difficult for the fund manager to exit their positions. This exposes the investments to liquidity risk.

Conclusion

Medium term bond funds invest in securities with maturities of 3-4 years. This is a small category (less than 2% of the total debt fund assets). They are open ended debt mutual funds suitable for an investment horizon of 3-4 years. This exposes them to interest rate risk. Also, the credit quality of funds in this category was relatively poor.

Scripbox doesn’t recommend funds in this category because of the higher default risk and higher interest rate risk.

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