Short term mutual funds are debt funds that invest in debt instruments with maturity duration of 1-3 years. These funds have the potential to provide higher returns in comparison to savings & FD interest rates.
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|ICICI Prudential Short Term Fund Institutional (G)|
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Short term mutual funds are a type of debt mutual fund schemes also known as short duration funds. They are open ended debt schemes available for a short duration. One can invest in this scheme from 1 month to a couple of years, depending on the availability of their disposal income. Generally, the Macaulay duration for a short term mutual fund ranges from one year to three years.
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As perinvestments made for a brief period of less than 5 years.’s guidelines, there is nothing specifically termed as short-term mutual funds, which basically means that there is no such thing as short-term mutual funds! Thus, technically, rather than being a categorization, short-term mutual funds are
Some kinds ofcan be considered short duration mutual funds. Also known as short duration schemes, these are open-ended debt schemes available for short durations. You could invest in this mutual fund for 1 month or a couple of years, depending on the availability of the money at your disposal. Typically, the Macaulay (average) duration for short term funds ranges from one year to three years (and may be extended up to four years).
Short duration mutual funds like ultra-short duration funds or short-duration funds in India offer stable returns and low to moderate risks. Thus, they are comparable to Fixed Deposits (FDs) offered by banks. Conventionally, Fixed Deposits are considered to be the best saving plan for short term money.
These funds are suitable for investors having an investment horizon of one year to three years. These funds can be a better option than parking their money in a fixed deposit. Therefore, they can provide better returns than bank fixed deposits and offer much needed liquidity.
Additionally, investors looking for low risk investment avenues while making decent tax-adjusted returns can choose to invest in short term mutual funds. As such, investors can preserve their capital investment while drawing a moderate yield by investing in the best mutual funds for the short term.
For the first time, those who want to start building a debt fund portfolio can start investing in short duration funds. These funds aim to provide stable returns as they have a moderate amount of interest rate risk. Furthermore, short term mutual funds have the potential to earn more than bank fixed deposits. Thus these funds tend to perform better in a falling interest rate scenario, providing substantial returns to the investor.
After knowing the advantages of short-term mutual funds over fixed deposits, you may be interested in knowing the other benefits of mutual funds for the short term.
Almost all short-term funds are debt funds, which have been classified on the basis of the holding period. Debt funds are more reliable than securities such as Government Securities, Corporate Bonds, Treasury Bulls, and Money Market Instruments (and more).as they put your money in fixed income
As a result, short-term debt mutual funds have the capacity to generate a fixed rate of return for a predetermined date of maturity. Further, the best short duration funds of India are generally immune to the capital market movement.
Short-term debt funds help in diversifying and balancing your portfolio. Unlike equity investments, which require a longer duration, short duration funds can not only avert risks but also offer attractive returns for investments within a period of 3 years.
Whether you wish to park your money for less than a year or a maximum period of three years, short duration mutual fund investments are ideal for short duration investment plans with good returns. They continue to offer attractive returns on the investment. It is because of the fact that they offer a higher post-tax return than their counterparts.
While short duration mutual funds definitely are less risky, when compared to mutual funds:, they still carry their own risks and limitations. Here are some of the possible risks while investing in short term
Any short–term debt Mutual funds for short term carries with it a varied credit risk. Credit rating agencies such as CRISIL award ratings to short term debt funds, which indicates their credit quality and risk exposure. Thus, investments in these mutual funds will expose you to credit risks if the company happens to default on their payments.
The NAV of a debt mutual fund and the returns offered by it are controlled by the prevailing rate of interest. A high rate of interest will eat into your gains and vice versa. Similarly, a higher interest rate brings down the mutual fund price and the converse also stands true. Thus, having a fluctuating interest rate could affect your investment.
You need to check the average maturity value of the short term debt mutual fund to understand the interest rate risk. Thus, having a low maturity period will result in a minimum impact arising out of the change in interest rates.
Inflation could negatively impact short term funds by increasing the interest rates exponentially, thereby bringing down the value of your investment, or cut down on the returns on your investment.
While short term debt mutual funds are more liquid than traditional instruments, the flexibility in terms of liquidity varies from one fund to another. Thus, depending on your requirements, opt for a short term debt mutual fund that gives you the flexibility that you need.
Depending on the assets that you have selected the best debt mutual funds for the short term will yield returns ranging from 7% to 8% as per your portfolio. he post-tax returns for short-term mutual funds are also attractive. In terms of taxation, short term debt mutual funds can be categorized into dividend or growth options. Under the growth option, the investment will be treated at par with the bank’s fixed deposits. The total gains made from short duration funds will be considered as a part of the investor’s income and taxed accordingly. On the other hand, under the dividend option, the income earned from mutual funds investment for the short term is exempted from taxation.
If you happen to redeem your funds before the completion of a few days or months (depending on your investment), you may be charged an exit load. Thus, before you exit your investment, check out the exit load that you may be charged.
The minimum amount to invest in mutual funds in India in the case of short duration funds is Rs 1000 for a 12-month SIP. Hence, if you have some idle cash lying around that you would wish to gain from, then you may opt to invest it in such funds. Put your money in the best short term funds for one to three years and earn attractive returns.
Short term funds are low risk, average yield funds that are invested for short durations. Thus, you can not only gain returns on your investment, save on tax, but also have liquid money readily available. Investing in these funds will diversify your portfolio and balance out your investment in equity. At the same time, it will also help you reach your financial goals.