Property sale rules differ for NRIs & resident Indians. NRIs can’t sell agricultural land, plantation property or farmhouse to another NRI or Person of Indian Origin (PIO). But residential/commercial property can be sold to a resident, NRI or a PIO.
If an NRI sells a property after two years, Long-Term Capital Gains (LTCG) taxes @20% become applicable.
STCG TDS rates of 30% are applicable.
If the property is sold after two years, LTCG TDS rates at the rate of 20% are applicable
TDS rates are calculated on the sale value of the property and not on the capital gains. Surcharge rate increases with the rise in the property value which in turn augments the overall TDS rates.
If the TDS is more than your tax liability, you will get a tax refund after filing your taxes. If you want to avoid the refund process, you can apply for a certificate to deduct TDS at a lower rate with the Jurisdictional Assessing Officer of the IT Dept.
Many countries tax the income of their residents regardless of where it originates. While some provide exemptions on capital gains from the sale of residences, others don’t. Check if your country of residence has a DTAA with India.
If the money has to be repatriated abroad. It is to verify that your money is from a legal source and all taxes have been paid.
Once you sell the property, you need to get two certificates from a CA:
Mutual Fund investments are subject to market risks, read all scheme related documents carefully.